Swetenham Family History

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Children of Sir Dermot Humphrey de Trafford, 6th Bt. and Patricia Mary Beeley

Mary Annette de Trafford3 b. 18 Mar 1949, d. 17 Mar 2007
Sir John Humphrey de Trafford, 7th Bt.+3 b. 12 Sep 1950
Elizabeth Eugenie de Trafford+3 b. 26 Dec 1951
Edmund Francis de Trafford3 b. 9 Dec 1952
Patricia Clare de Trafford+3 b. 5 Feb 1955
Victoria Mary de Trafford+3 b. 4 Feb 1958
Cynthia Joan Bernadette de Trafford+3 b. 7 Jun 1959
Antonia Lucy Octavia de Trafford+3 b. 12 May 1966
Gerard Thomas Joseph de Trafford+3 b. 12 Jun 1968

de Trafford, Sir Dermot Humphrey 6th Bt (I46087)

Gascoigne, Margaret (I2513)

A pair of portraits of Alexander (1726-1794) and Anna Hume (née Boughton): he, wearing teal blue coat embellished with gold embroidery, white lace cravat and stock, his hair powdered and worn /en queue/ with black ribbon bow; she, wearing teal blue dress and matching gathered ruff, lace chemise and pendent pearl earings.
Gold frames.
Oval, /38mm/ (/1 1/2in) and 60mm (2 3/8in) high/ (2)
* Alexander Hume (1726-1794) married Anna (nee Boughton) (1746-1777), sole heiress of the Boughton family of Bilton Grange, Rugby. He was the chief of the English Factory at Canton, arriving in China in Lord Macartney's embassy. He was 3rd in the council of Calcutta, introduced by his uncle, Sir Abraham Hume. Their only child was Abraham Hume.

Hume, Alexander (I19328)
A. Edmund Jodrell of Yeardsley & Twemlow, Sheriff of Cheshire (bpt 08.03.1635-6, bur 17.12.1713)
[m. (07.11.1661) Elizabeth Burdett (bur 07.12.1707, dau of Sir Francis Burdett, Bart of Foremark)](https://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/bb4fz/burdett1.php#m3)

i. Edmund Jodrell of Yeardsley & Twemlow the first mentioned by FMG
[m. Elizabeth Molyneux (dau of Sir John Molyneux, Bart of Tevershal)](https://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/mm4fz/molyneux02.php#tda1)

a. Francis Jodrell of Yeardsley & Twemlow, Sheriff of Cheshire (b 1689)
m1. (1713) Hannah Ashton (dau/heir of John Ashton or Assheton of Yorkshire & Lancashire)

(1) Francis Jodrell of Yeardsley & Twemlow, Sheriff of Cheshire (b 1723, dvp)
[m. (19.12.1750) Jane Butterworth (dau/coheir of Thomas Butterworth of Manchester, m2. Hon. George Sempil)](https://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/bb4fz/butterworth1.php#link1)

(A) Frances Jodrell, heiress of Yeardsley
m. (1775) John Bower of Manchester, later Jodrell of Yeardsley, Henbury & Taxal (d 1796) 
Jodrell, Edmund of Yeardsley (I36493)
Born July 26, 1606 - La Chapelle-sur-Erdre, 44240, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, FRANCE
Baptized July 26, 1606 - Eglise Sainte-Catherine - La Chapelle-sur-Erdre, 44240, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, FRANCE
Deceased July 27, 1651 - Paroisse Saint-Donatien - Nantes, 44000, Loire-Atlantique, Pays de la Loire, FRANCE, aged 45 years old 
Quirion, Françoise (I51181)
Born October 10, 1675 - GRAND CHAMPS DES FONTAINES 44
Deceased June 6, 1736 - La Chapelle-sur-Erdre, 44240, France, aged 60 years old
Colas, Jean (I51207)
From 9 September 1869, her married name became Heathcote.
Children of Lucy Edith Wrottesley and Charles Gilbert Heathcote

Mabel Frances Heathcote2 d. 9 Jan 1955
Walter John Heathcote2 b. 23 Sep 1870, d. 15 Nov 1936
Isabel Lucy Heathcote+2 b. May 1872, d. 27 Nov 1961

[S37] BP2003 volume 2, page 1860. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
[S37] BP2003. [S37] 
Wrottesley, Lucy Edith (I4914)
John Anthony Dene DCLI
Commissioned 28 Jan 1932

[Page 632 | Issue 33794, 29 January 1932 | London Gazette | The Gazette](https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/33794/page/632)

Prisoner of War temp Lt Col

Capt. (War Subs. Maj.) J. A. DENE (50934) from h.p. list (late D.C.L.I.) retires on ret. pay on account of disability, 2oth Apr. 1946, and is granted the hon. rank of Lt.-Col.

[Page 1960 | Supplement 37537, 16 April 1946 | London Gazette | The Gazette](https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/37537/supplement/1960)

Staffs Yeo.
Hon. Lt.-Col. John Anthony DENE (50934) (late D.C.L.I. (retd.)), to be Maj., 31st May 1953, with seniority 13th Sept. 1949.

[Page 4289 | Supplement 39932, 4 August 1953 | London Gazette | The Gazette](https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/39932/supplement/4289)

[Page 5835 | Supplement 40608, 14 October 1955 | London Gazette | The Gazette](https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/40608/supplement/5835)

He fought in the Second World War, when he became a POW in 1944. He was Commanding Officer of the 4th Battalion, Parachute Regiment between 1943 and 1944. After the war, he joined the TA and commanded the Staffordshire Yeomanry.

He lived at Kilteelagh Stud, Dromineer, County Tipperary, Ireland.3


Walsall Observer 05 October 1956

Page  10  of 14 

They "never die" but like to dine

Old soldiers never die," but
they are not at all averse to dining,
especially when they are going to
be able to talk over old times, in a
cordial atmosphere, with men who
have shared with them the good
and bad times of war. Many
Walsall ex-servicemen renewed
acquaintance with wartime
comrades at the reunion dinner of
the Staffordshire Yeomanry at the
Victoria Hotel, Wolverhampton, on

The dinner was attended by a
total of 251 people, including 70
officers. Colonel G. H. Anson,
honorary colonel of the regiment,
presided and congratulated the
organisers on attracting such a
representative gathering.
The present Commanding
Officer, Lieut.-Colonel J. A. Dene
said the regiment, owing CO
record, had remained armoured
when several yeomanry regiments
had had to take other roles in the
r'e-organised Territorial Army.
The toast to the association was
proposed by Colonel J. A. Eidie.
who led the regiment through
desperate battles in the second
World War.


Walsall Observer 05 October 1956 
Dene, Lt-Col John Anthony (I3280)
Philip Howard, the son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, and Lady Mary Fitzalan, was born on 28 June 1557 and baptised a few days later with a pomp and circumstance rarely the lot of a commoner. Queen Mary was present and Philip of Spain was his godfather. But his mother did not recover from the birth and died shortly afterwards.

At the age of twelve Philip was betrothed to Anne Dacre, the eldest daughter of his deceased stepmother, and two years later they were married. By this time his father was in the Tower and, in 1572, executed. After his father's beheading and attainder, he lost the title of Earl of Surrey.

In 1572 he went to Cambridge and spent two years there, receiving the degree of MA. At the age of eighteen he went to Court where he fell for 'the allurements of corrupted immodest young women wherewith the Court in those days did much abound'. With this came the ill-treatment of his wife, whom he more or less abandoned. When his maternal grandfather died in 1580, he inherited the title of Earl of Arundel and the increase of his responsibilities may have been the reason which sobered him.

He became a practising Catholic, but at first kept his conversion secret. However, his wife, his favourite sister, an aunt and an uncle had preceded him. Aware of the dangers, he resolved to escape from the country and live quietly abroad. He sent his secretary, John Momford, to Hull to enquire about engaging a ship for Flanders. However, before Momford could get a passage, he was arrested and brought back to London.

Queen Elizabeth then invited herself to Arundel House where Philip provided a sumptuous banquet, at the end of which the Queen declared her satisfaction, 'gave him many thanks for her entertainment there and informed him that he was imprisoned in his own house'. The next day he was interrogated by the Privy Council on the matter of his religious beliefs.

After he was released, he tried again to leave for the continent but was betrayed by Walsingham's agents. Boarding a ship which was intercepted, he was committed to the Tower. On 15 May 1586 he was called to the Star Chamber and arraigned on three specific points: that he had attempted to leave the realm without licence of the Queen, that he had been reconciled to the Church of Rome, that he was plotting with foreign powers in order to be restored as Duke of Norfolk. The latter accusation was dropped as there was no evidence but he did not deny the first two charges, neither of which were treason. He was fined £10,000 and imprisoned during the 'Queen's pleasure', which turned out to be a life sentence.

Aged thirty-eight he died of dysentery in 1595, a prisoner of conscience, having lost everything: his titles, his estates, his houses, all his worldly possessions; having never seen his son and having been forcibly separated from his wife for over ten years. 
Howard, Philip Earl of Surrey (I18521)
Individual Note
Alderman and Mayor of Doncaster. He became an Alderman on 6 May 1642, and 'was elected Mayor in 1643, but was displaced the day after he was elected, and the same day J Fayram was chosen in his stead'. He was Mayor again in 1646, and took oath as JP 16 October 1647.
IGI film: John MAUDE christened 2 Dec 1600 at St Mary, Barnsley, Yorkshire
The spelling of the surname was variable throughout the 17th century, and even up to the mid 18th century.

By his will dated 13 August 1657 John left to his younger son George, who was still a minor, some land in Doncaster and some in Arksey, the reversion of a lease of a house and stable in Doncaster, and a shop. The ‘residue of my Freehould lands Tenements and hereditaments whatsoever not formerly bequeathed or disposed of’ he left to his elder son John; but the latter, who was about to become a Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge, and was destined for a clerical career, probably had little interest in his father’s entitlement to one fifth of the Ardsley estate. As this land is not mentioned in the younger John’s will of 1704, it seems likely that he sold his interest, very possibly to his uncle Richard, though no clear evidence of such a sale has been found. But after the elder John’s death in 1658, Ardsley Manor passed into the ownership of Richard.
Family Note
In 1642 John Mawhood was assessed for a loan based on his property holding in Ardsley, showing that his mother Frances, who had been assessed the previous year, had died.

Marriage with Beardall Katherine
Katherine was the daughter of Simon Bardolph of London

Individual: The History and Antiquities of Doncaster and Its Vicinity (Edward Miller, Doncaster, 1804, p 174); The History and Description of St George's Church at Doncaster (John Edward Jackson, London 1855); Historical Notices of Doncaster, 2nd series, Hatfield, Doncaster 1868
Baptism: IGI film 6910987
Spouse: IGI batch M045891
Burial: National Burial Index; Will of John Mawhood, Alderman of Doncaster (proved 22 July 1658) 
Mawhood, John JP Alderman (I48537)
sosa Félix LEROY 1630-1676 (Laboureur)
sosa Marguerite BRIAND 1631-1692 
Leroy, Jeanne (I51185)
Thomas (1406) of Loxley Esq married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Phillipp Draycott (or Draycote) Kt of Paynesley, Staffordshire., by whom he had eleven children On the death of his grandfather in 1539 he took over the Manor of Marchington, near Loxley, and died in 1592. Presumably this happened at Badger, as it was recorded on a white marble slab in Badger church, which is no longer visible. In 1577 he granted his son Anthony the Manor of Badger with other local properties to the use of his wife Dorothy; the settlement was witnessed by his brother George. Interestingly, this was the earliest Kynardesley of Loxley recorded in the 1663 Visitation of Staffordshire, although the family were at :Loxley from at least the 14th century and the Tree purports to go back to the Conquest.

Issue of Thomas Kynardesley (1406) and Dorothy Draycott:

Elizabeth (1301) was married to John Combes (or Comes) of Stafford and died without issue. From a portrait of her (or her sister Ellen) dated 1596 when she was 47, she could have been born in 1549.

Anthony (1302) of Loxley married Isabell, daughter and co-heir of Lewis or Lodowick Walker of Bramshall, near Loxley, who died in 1624 or 1626. There were three children of the marriage. Anthony’s will was dated August 1622, when he was sick, and he died in that year. He wished to be buried in the church at Uttoxeter.
Anthony was recorded in the 1583 Visitation of Staffordshire, for the Hundred of Totmanslow, as a gentleman whose Arms were ‘Argent, a fesse vaire or and gules between three eagles displayed of the last’ These Arms were borne by the Dethicks of Lee, Derbyshire, and were not those of the Kynardsleys of Herefordshire from whom the Family Tree claims descent.
CSK has a portrait in the style of George Gower (c1540-1596) which is said to be of him, showing a man in Elizabethan dress with big legs walking with a sword in hand, aged 46 in 1596, so born in 1550. On the reverse of a photograph of the portrait it is described as of Anthony Kynnersley of Loxley and Badger, born 1580, died 1621, a great pedestrian, and because he was descended from the Baggesoures was commonly given the alias Baggesowwre; the date 1580 should surely read 1550, as above. He was said to have walked from Badger to Loxley, some 28 miles in a bee line, in a day; perhaps that was why he carried a sword?
Above his portrait are the arms of Dethick and Petitt, under the Kynnersley greyhound crest. Although his grandmother Dorothy Petitt was armigerous, his Dethick ancestor was Joane, who was married to John (2002), seven generations earlier, and all the intervening ancestors’ wives were also armigerous, so why portray the Dethick arms, and more especially why not show those of Kynnersley of Herefordshire? The explanation may be the same as that proffered above on the arms and crest of John (1409), his first cousin once removed, which are the same as those in the portrait.

Edward (1303) of Cleobury, Shropshire, married Jane, daughter of Richard Johnson of Chester, at Cleobury North in 1610, and they had eight children. He was the progenitor of the Kynnersleys of Cleobury, for whom see Annexure C.

Nicholas (1304) and Phillip (1305) died without issue.

Ralph (1306) of Bridgenorth, Shropshire, married Ellen, daughter of Edward Hayward of that town, by whom he had a son.

Ellen (1307), Hellen (1308), and Margaret (1309) died without issue.
Ellen may not have married, according to a note on the back of a photo of the portrait dated 1596 which is attributed above to her sister Elizabeth; it also shows no wedding band.
Anne (1310) was married to John Aron or Avon of Drayton, Shropshire. She may have been born about 1577.

Mary or Margaret, (1311) was married to Thomas Woodcock of Newport, Shropshire.

He left a will executors Thomas Woodcocke son in law and Edward K his second son
Kynardesley, Thomas (I7724)
Titulature prince du sang
duc de Montpensier
prince de Dombes
dauphin d'Auvergne
vicomte de Brosse
sire de Beaujeu
Dynastie maison de Montpensier
Naissance 10 juin 1513
Moulins (France)
Décès 23 septembre 1582 (à 69 ans)
Champigny (France)
Père Louis II de Bourbon
Mère Louise de Bourbon
Conjoint Jacqueline de Longwy

Louis III de Bourbon-Vendôme, duc de Montpensier, né le 10 juin 1513 à Moulins et mort le 23 septembre 1582 à Champigny, est un prince du sang français. Il compte parmi les chefs de l'armée royale pendant les guerres de religion et se fait remarquer par son intransigeance religieuse. 
Bourbon, Louis de Duc de Montpensier (I18212)
14 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I256)
15 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I1773)
16  Kynnersley, Thomas (I7760)
17  Duke, Jean Hazel Swetenham (I8048)
18  Buxton, Barclay Fowell Rev. (I49867)
19  d’Aubigny, William 3rd Earl of Arundel (I18832)
20  Adhémar, Louis (I17949)
21  Gonzalez Morphy, Maria Eugenia (I37164)
22  Burghersh, Bartholomew de 1st Baron Burghersh (I6763)
23  Duke, Pamela Edith (I351)
24  Hay, Arabella Jane (I36637)
25 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I1615)
26  Archer, Ronald Walter (I5087)
27  Le Blanc Smith, Clive (I3177)
28  Place, Emilia (I12207)
29 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living (I5062)
30  Condon, Michael James (I23125)
31 Ebenezer or Ryton Woodside-Presbyterian, Swalwell, Durham, England Murray, Jane (I27903)
32 Dhami Tea Estate, Juri, P.O. Sylhet, East Pakistan Moir, John Brown (I388)
33 Fernbank, 25 & 27 Gratwicke Road, Smith, Frances Essex Theodora (I49152)
34 Lieut-Colonel, 66th Regiment Lascelles, Edmund Lt.-Col. (I10199)
35 !nàç Cradock, Anne Elizabeth Adderley (I41851)
36 "Born 24 or 26 September, 1789, at the Grange, Coggeshall, Essex." Some Account of the Family of Du Quesne, E F Du Cane, London, 1876, p26 Du Cane, Captain Charles RN (I21346)
37 "Camplin", Copthorne Road Hart, Ada (I20096)
38 "eliza" or "lillian" willson born 1867 st george hanover square Family F14104
39 "eliza" or "lillian" willson born 1867 st george hanover square Family F14105
40 "Francis, who was of Staffordshire, became sire of the Meynells, of Langley, County Derby." "of Anslow, ancestor of the Meynells of Langley park." Meynell, Francis Esquire (I27572)
41 "He died 17 November, 1850, at Bath." Some Account of the Family of Du Quesne, E F Du Cane, London, 1876, p26 Du Cane, Captain Charles RN (I21346)
42 "Ireland, Civil Registration Indexes 1845–1958,” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah. General Register Office, Republic of Ireland. "Quarterly Returns of Births in Ireland with Index to Births.". Source Source: S694 (S694)
43 "Ireland, Civil Registration Indexes 1845–1958,” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah. General Register Office, Republic of Ireland. "Quarterly Returns of Births in Ireland with Index to Births.". Source Source: S9582 (S9582)
44 "Ireland, Civil Registration Indexes 1845–1958,” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah. General Register Office, Republic of Ireland. "Quarterly Returns of Births in Ireland with Index to Births.". Source Source: S10477 (S10477)
45 "of Willington and Yeaveley m Bridget, dau. of Markham of Notts" and "Heralds' College" - see note Meynell, John (I27832)
46 "St. Vincent" The Esplanade, Ventnor Wrey, Sir Henry Bourchier Toke 10th Bt (I33847)
47 "The Croft", St Peter's Rd Chambers, Elizabeth (I13326)
48 "Who d. in 1618 leaving by anne his wife, dau. of Richard Smith. Esq. and Ann his (Richard's) wife , dau of Sir Thomas Gifford of Chillington co Stafford, two sons." Alt. death 1634 Meynell, Francis Esq (I28081)
49 # Obituary: Claudia Parsons

ON A trip to Canada in her seventies, Claudia Parsons was being driven by a much younger male relative on a busy freeway when they had a flat tyre. Parsons' instinct was to leap out of the car saying "Where's the jack?" This wasn't affectation - such a minor running repair would have been nothing to one of the first three women to graduate in engineering in England (from Loughborough) soon after the First World War. At her death she was the oldest member of the Society of Women Engineers.

She was born in 1900 in the Indian hill station of Simla; her Anglo-Irish father was a major in the Indian Staff Corps. At the age of three, Claudia and her older sister Betty were taken to England and left in the care of an overbearing, temperamental and sometimes cruel aunt. On her father's death when she was 12, her overriding emotion was "relief that our mother would now be permanently home".

In her fluently written, funny and often gripping autobiography, Century Story (1995), written in her nineties, Parsons charts her full and adventurous life: her numerous travels at a time when it was rare for women to travel at all, and certainly not alone, as she did, or in the company of men to whom they weren't married, as she did; and her ways of earning money (of which she was always short) as a chauffeur-companion-mechanic for wealthy adventurers and, more lucratively, as a writer. ("Writing was almost a disease in the Parsons family.")

Aside from writing stories and travel pieces, she had considerable success with her 1936 novel Brighter Bondage and with her travel book Vagabondage (1941). The latter was only prevented from running into a third reprint by the shortage of paper during the Second World War, when she worked in a munitions factory (as a skilled engineer), where her sense of justice prompted her to take her boss to court on behalf of a fellow worker. She also later had a spell as a china restorer, which spawned a manual.

When she was 10, she was among the crowd who watched the royal procession on the occasion of George V's coronation. The man next to her told her to tell her grandchildren that she had witnessed this scene standing next to a veteran of the Crimean War. But Claudia never had grandchildren. She never married. On being asked why not during a newspaper interview she gave at the age of 95, she said of men, "They very often threatened to stop me doing what I wanted to do."

There were certainly love affairs and there were many strong friendships with men. There was the diplomat who "had decided never to marry . . . as he was a non-marrying man, and as I was myself a bit of a loner and could understand his feelings, I decided to be a non-marrying wife, to meet and live with him whenever chance offered . . ." and there was the wacky and fun Kilton Stewart, an American psychoanalyst she encountered by chance on a bus in Angkor when she had uncharacteristically miscalculated her funds and ended up travelling free by sitting on the mailbags.

He then resurfaced in Calcutta, where Parsons was staying with her younger sister Avis and her husband, and together they bought a second-hand 1925 Studebaker and in April 1938 embarked on a hugely eventful journey masterminded by her back to England, which took them via India, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Libya and Tunisia.

There were countless breakdowns, the reasons for them succinctly described ("It was a worn seating in which the distributor shaft was mounted"). Being a car lover, she often referred to her cars in anthropomorphic terms ("Thanks to Baker's patient nature . . .") but she was never a car bore. As for the nature of her relationship with Kilton, she left us guessing.

Parson's sketches of people encountered on her travels were never cruel, but always made their point: on a voyage from Vancouver to Yokohama (where the war against China was raging and she, having had all her money stolen, sold her clothes and wrote articles for the Japan Times to earn more), she wrote:

I had a missionary in my cabin going to convert the Chinese . . . and she practised meanwhile on me. God, however, came to my rescue by rocking the boat, when preacher and subject fell sick. Conversion was postponed.

When not travelling, Parsons returned to the Elizabethan house in the village of Wonersh, near Guildford, where she lived with her mother, aunt (still feared, but loved) and sister Betty from 1924 onwards. Betty (who also had the writing disease) once described Claudia as "one who had broken the ice of convention that held women down to certain jobs but denied them others, and at a time when to the majority of people the world was unknown". And it was Betty who urged her, long before her own death in 1986, to write her autobiography.

Betty's seal of approval was very important to Claudia, who despite being one of the most capable, well-read, funny and dignified people I have ever met, had a ridiculously self-deprecating view of herself as "a clownish character and a charlatan in most of the jobs I took up".

Even though the more infuriating aspects of old age forced Claudia Parsons to move into a home over a year ago, the emotional self-sufficiency, indomitable common sense and sense of humour which had seen her through so many journeys, stood her in good stead and she never once complained nor appeared to pine for the house she'd lived in for over 70 years, which contained a lot of furniture made by her.

Soon after she moved, I visited her and e-mailed my sister in the States: "I expected to feel terribly depressed, but instead came away, as I always do having seen Claudia, feeling nourished, uplifted and happy."

Claudia Parsons, writer and traveller: born Simla, India 15 August 1900; died Cranleigh, Surrey 5 June 1998.

[Obituary: Claudia Parsons](https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/obituary-claudia-parsons-1167736.html)

The Independent 26 Jun 1998


# About Claudia | Claudia Parsons


Claudia was born in India in August 1900, and throughout her life frequently challenged stereotypes, overcame adversity and pursued her passions. The attributes she showed throughout her life are ones that we hope that all Claudia Parsons Hall residents can embrace, show and benefit from during their time at Loughborough and beyond.

In 1919, she was one of only three women in a class of 300 to be inducted onto the Loughborough Technical College Automobile Engineering course.

After graduating in 1922, she worked as a chauffeur-companion, driving clients around Europe. She did this alongside writing, with her first book, ‘Brighter Bondage’, seeing huge success after being published in 1935.

In 1938, she bought a Studebaker car, which she affectionately nicknamed ‘Baker’. This kickstarted her most notable achievement and symbolised her great spirit of adventure – to be the first woman to circumnavigate the globe by car – a journey which she completed later in the decade.

Throughout her trip, she showed her initiative and desire to overcome obstacles, often travelled unaccompanied or with men to whom she wasn’t married – both of which challenged the established norms of the time. Never During the trip, she had to sell many of her possessions and work for a newspaper to raise funds to continue her journey and travelled into China whilst there was a war raging in the country.

According to her family, this ability to persevere highlighted her “unquenchable optimism” and her “courage in all her travels and undertakings.” Her continued desire to push herself to achieve her goals showed how she never feared failure. However, she did this not because she wanted fame or accolades, but because she saw no reason why she couldn’t.

After her trip, she wrote a second book – the autobiography, ‘Vagabondage’ – in 1941. Her sense of justice came to the fore in the Second World War, where she was fired from her job as a munitions worker for defending a female colleague who was the victim of harassment.

A third book followed in 1965, before her second autobiography, ‘Century Story’, was published in 1995 – when Claudia was in her 90s. On her 90th birthday, the residents of her village, Wonersh, Surrey, threw a party for her, highlighting her popularity amongst those around her. At her death, she was the oldest member of the Women’s Engineering Society, an organisation she had been a part of since her university days.

Claudia’s achievements were deservedly acknowledged through the opening of Claudia Parsons Hall of Residence on 19th June 2019.

We hope all residents in the Hall can be inspired by her independent mind, forward thinking, spirit of adventure, courage and humour. She shall be remembered for her belief that the established way isn’t always the right way, and we are privileged to continue her legacy at Loughborough.

[About Claudia | Claudia Parsons](https://www.cplboro.com/claudia) Loughborough University named its latest hall of residence

We are the newest hall in Loughborough University, named after Claudia Parsons, an English engineer, traveller and Loughborough alumna. Claudia attended the University from 1919 - 1922, graduating with an Automotive Engineering degree, and as one of just three women on a course of 300 men. Following this, Claudia became a highly respected member of the Women’s Engineering Society, and the first woman to circumnavigate the globe by car

# Claudia Parsons
Wonersh History

# IET Archives Blog

Claudia Parsons (1900-1998)

The image above shows Claudia Parsons, with her second-hand 1925 Studebaker car, which she called Baker, and her travelling companion Kilton Stewart. Claudia and Kilton bought the car for £30 in Calcutta in April 1938, before setting off on a journey back to England, planned by Claudia, which took them via India, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Libya and Tunisia. The photograph above was taken in London just before Claudia sold the car towards the end of 1938.

Claudia, who had been born in Simla, India, 15 August 1900, earned money as a chauffeur-companion-mechanic for wealthy adventurers and as a writer. Other than writing stories and travel pieces she wrote a novel in 1936 called /Brighter Bondage/ and a book about her travels called /Vagabondage/, published in 1941, from which the above image is taken, both of which were very successful. /Vagabondage/ was about to be reprinted for a third time and the only reason for this not happening was the shortage of paper during WWII. In the meantime, during WWII Claudia worked in a munitions factory (as a skilled engineer).

*Who was Claudia Parsons!*

Our interest in Claudia has multiple origins. Firstly Claudia was a member of the Women’s Engineering Society (WES) and had been since 1919 when WES was formed, and she wrote several articles for the WES journal /The Woman Engineer/ including;

* ‘What not to do: when motoring abroad’, vol.3, no.3, June 1930.
* ‘The Ford Works, Dagenham: impressions of a visit’, vol.3, no.14, March 1933.
* ‘Baker, the anthropologist and Claudia Parsons’, vol.4 no.19, June 1939. This was an account of Claudia’s travels, later covered in /Vagabondage/, which Claudia had given to WES at its meeting held 8 March 1939.
* ‘Back to the old job’, vol.5 no.4, autumn 1940. In this article Claudia, who had studied engineering at Loughborough Engineering College, describes her 3 month ‘engineering reconditioning’ course at the Beaufoy Institute, Lambeth. The image below, taken from this article, shows Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, talking to Claudia Parsons (shown in overalls) and Caroline Haslett during her visit to the Beaufoy Institute.

Another reason for our interest in Claudia is that we hold 3 of Claudia’s books in the IET Archives, /Brighter Bondage/ and /Vagabondage/ mentioned above, and also Claudia’s autobiography, /Century Story/, published in 1995.

Claudia was clearly a fascinating individual with a sharp mind and a strong sense of humour. She dedicated her first book, Brighter Bondage, ‘to my husbands’, but Claudia never married, and on being asked why she hadn’t married during a newspaper interview she gave at the age of 95, she said of men, “ /they very often threatened to stop me doing what I wanted to do/ ”.

Of particular interest amongst these 3 books is our copy of Vagabondage, which contains a letter from Claudia. In that letter, dated 9 December 1985 and sent to ‘James’, Claudia explains that this copy of Vagabondage was ‘ /my last and sacred copy of Vagabondage/ ’. Claudia also discusses her former travelling companion Kilton Stewart in the letter and says;

“ /I did have a second copy [of Vagabondage] I was meaning to lend you. But just at that time I got a letter from one, Pamela Kay Stewart – Kilton’s daughter, no less – saying she had lately been staying with her uncle Omer, Kilton’s youngest brother, had seen this book, and was now in England hoping to see me, and was there any hope of getting a copy of the book?/

/You can see what happened. A small, perky, rather charming little 35-year-old turned up; very intelligent. No facial resemblance to her father. I had not known there was a daughter, though I knew Kilton had so far escaped from his tyrannical secretary, at one period to get married. She couldn’t take the secretary, so they got divorced. Pamela, when not travelling the world or taking post-graduate courses, lived with her mother, but wanted to know more about her father as she was only ten when he died./ ”

The complete letter with Claudia’s signature can be seen below.

For those interested in reading more about Claudia, an [obituary](https://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/obituary-claudia-parsons-1167736.html) for Claudia, written by Emma Parsons, was published in the /Independent/, 27 June 1998. The Claudia Parsons books and her letter (archive reference SC MSS 309/1) can be consulted in the IET Archives at Savoy Hill House, London, by appointment.

[Claudia Parsons (1900-1998)](https://ietarchivesblog.org/2019/05/01/claudia-parsons-1900-1998/)

# IET Archives Blog

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Stories from the Institution of Engineering and Technology 
Parsons, Claudia Sydney Maia (I3282)
50 <ref>Visitations of Staffordshire by St George 1613 and Dugdale 1663 and 1664 in Collections for a history of Staffordshire by the William Salt Archaeological Society part II vol V (1884) p. 202 (now Staffordshire Record Society) [https://archive.org/details/collectionsforhi52staf/page/n225 Leveson of Wolverhampton and Leverhall] (Internet Archive) (accessed 10 Aug 2022)</ref>
<ref>Staffordshire pedigrees based on the visitation of that county made by William Dugdale, Esquire, Norroy King of arms in the years 1663-1664 : from the original manuscript written by Gregory King, during the years 1680 to 1700, Harleian Society vol 63 1912 [https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/viewer/379962/?offset=0#page=164 Leveson] p. 156 Image 164 of 303 of 303 (Family Search) (accessed 21 December 2022)</ref> 
Leveson, Sir Richard of Willenhall (I3683)

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